Thursday, June 4, 2009

Fresh Cut Flower Garden

Fresh Cut Flower Garden

Did you know there are health benefits to having fresh cut flowers in your home or office? I would like to help you as gardeners enjoy theseSunflower wonderful benefits. The benefits Bird of Paradiseare easily obtainable and can be created in your garden. There are a wide range of annuals, perennials, bulbs, tropicals, groundcovers, shrubs, and trees that can be used as fresh cut flowers and floral greens. A fresh cut flower garden does not necessarily mean only flowering plants; there are non-flowering trees, shrubs, and groundcovers make an excellent addition for fresh greens in your flower arrangement. There are several flowering shrubs and trees that can be used as fresh cut flowers indoors. Depending on your USDA planting zone you may be lucky enough to enjoy a year round cutting garden. Illustrations: Left, Bird of Paradise, Right, Annual Sunflower.

Some of the plants that I will mention in the newsletter you may already have planted in your garden, and a cutting garden does not necessarily have to be in a specific area of your garden. Your cutting garden can be placed throughout your planting beds. The cutting garden can be desirable plants that will meet the criteria of being a fresh cut flower, and this criteria usually is based on vaselife of the flower or floral green used. Besides having a beautiful garden to look at there are health benefits to having fresh Small Shell GingerAgapanthuscut flowers in the home or office. Numerous studies have shown an increase in positive emotional mood changes when fresh cut flowers and plants were present, and a range of age groups were involved with the studies from groups of people just entering the workforce to the elderly. All studies showed a positive emotional mood change to having fresh cut flowers and plants in their home or office. In one study conducted by Harvard Medical School, revealed “that people feel less depressed, have less anxiety and worry, and people feel more compassionate toward others when fresh cut flowers are present in the home.” In an eight-month study conducted by Texas A & M University research, Harvard Medical School, and Massachusetts General Hospital “worker’s idea generation, creative performance and problem solving skills improved substantially in workplace environments that included flowers and plants”. Another study conducted by Harvard Medical School to the benefits of having flowers in the home showed “Flowers feed compassion, Flowers chase away anxieties, worries and the blues away at home, and having flowers at home can carry-over to our mood at work”. In one study by Rutgers University the study demonstrated “when flowers are present ease and decrease depression, inspire social networking and encourage companionship, and refresh recent memory as we age”. For more information about these studies, visit: www.aboutflowers.com. Illustrations: Left: Agapanthus, Right: Small Shell Ginger.

Red Ginger

You can have a fresh cut flower garden in a specific area, have a fresh cut container garden, or you may have a few of the flowers already Variegated Gingergrowing in your garden. For people living in apartments, condos, or town homes you can have your fresh cut flower garden in containers that will entice everyone to your patio this summer and fall. Here is a list of flowers and greens that can be used for floral arrangements. Here are a few of my favorites that are easy to grow in your garden and would make excellent fresh cut flower bouquets. Some of the plants listed can also be used as floral greenery. Illustrations: Left: Red Ginger, Right: Variegated Shell Ginger.

Agapanthus africanus 'Queen Anne': Queen Anne Lily of the Nile; African Lily. Type: Ground cover, border, edger. Height: 2 – 2.5 Lady Jane Anthuriumfeet. Spacing: 20” – 24” apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring, summer, and fall. Vaselife: 6 – 12 days. Foliage and flowers can be used in arrangements.Snapdragons

Alpinia mutica: Small Shell Ginger. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 5 – 6 feet. Spacing: 4 – 6 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Summer, fall, winter. Vaselife: 6 – 14 days. Foliage and flowers can be used in arrangements. Illustrations: Left: Lady Jane Anthurium, Right: Snapdragons.

Alpinia purpurata: Red Ginger. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 5 – 6 feet. Spacing: 4 – 6 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Summer, fall, winter. Vaselife: 6 – 14 days. Foliage and flowers can be used in arrangements.

Alpinia zerumbet 'Variegata': Variegated Shell Ginger. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 5 – 6 feet. Spacing: 4 – 6 feet apart. Light Shasta DaisyRequirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Summer, fall, winter. Vaselife: 6 – 14 days. Foliage and flowers can be used in arrangements. Illustrations: Right: Shasta Daisy.

Asparagus FernAnthurium 'Lady Jane': Lady Jane Anthurium. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 1.5 feet. Spacing: 18 – 24 inches apart. Light Requirements: Semi-shade to shade. Flowering Season: All year. Vaselife: 14 – 28 days. Immerse flower head in water for 10 minutes. Illustration: Left: Foxtail Fern.

Antirrhinum majus: Snapdragon. Type: Annual. Height: 6 – 36 inches, depending on variety. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Fall to summer. Vaselife: 10 – 16 days. Illustrations: Right: Holly Fern.

Asparagus densiflorus 'Myers': Foxtail Fern; Myers Asparagus Fern. Type: Ground cover. Height: 2 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to shade. Flowering Season: Spring and summer. Vaselife: 6 – 14 days.

Dendrobium OrchidChrysanthemum maximum 'Alaska': Shasta Daisy. Type: Perennial. Height: 8 – 30 inches, depending on variety. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring. Vaselife: 1 – 2 weeks. Illustration: Left: Dendrobium Orchid.

Cyrtomium falcatum: Holly Fern. Type: Ground cover. Height: 2' - 3'. Spacing: 1' apart. Light Requirements: Shade to semi-shade; no afternoon sun. Flowering Season: N/A. Foliage can be used in arrangements. Vaselife: 7 – 10 days.

Dahlia hortensis 'Figaro Mix': Dahlia. Type: Annual. Height: 18 – 30 inches. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring, summer, and fall. Vaselife: 7 – 10 days.

Davallia solida: False Leatherleaf Fern. Type: Ground cover. Height: 2.5 – 3 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Semi-shade to shade, no afternoon sun. Flowering Season N/A. Foliage can be used in arrangements. Vaselife: 7 – 15 days.Daffodils

Delphinium grandiflorum 'Blue Butterfly': Chinese Delphinium. Type: Annual and perennial varieties. Height: 2 – 5 feet. Spacing: 12 – 24 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring and summer. Vaselife: 12 – 14 days. Illustration: Right: Daffodils.

Dendrobium spp. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 6 inches – 6 feet depending on variety. Spacing: 12 – 18 inches apart. Light Requirements: Semi-shade to shade, in tropical Gerber Daisyclimates the orchids can be grown on tree trunks. Flowering Season: All year. Vaselife: 7 days.

Gerbera jamesonii ™ Sun Charmers: Gerbera Daisy. Type: Perennial. Height: 1.5 – 2 feet. Spacing: 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring, summer, and fall. The crown needs to be above the soil. Vaselife: 4 – 14 days. Illustration: Left: Gerber Daisy.

Helianthus annuus: Sunflower. Type: Annual. Height: 2 – 12 feet depending on variety. Spacing: 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun. Flowering Season: Summer – fall. Vaselife: 6 – 12 days.

Heliconia 'Butterfield': Heliconia. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 4 – 5 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: All year for tropical climates, spring, summer, and fall for all other areas. Vaselife: 7 – 14 days.Heliconia Butterfield Illustration: Right: Heliconia Butterfield.

Heliconia rostrata: Lobster Claw. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 6 – 7 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: All year for tropical climates, spring, summer, and fall for all other areas. Vaselife: 7 – 14 days.

Hydrangea macrophylla: Common Hydrangea. Type: Deciduous flowering shrub. Height: 4 – 6 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Semi-shade. Flowering Season: Spring. Vaselife: 7 days.

IrisIris spp.: Iris Hybrids. Type: Rhizome or bulb, which is planted in the fall. Height: 8 inches to 3 feet depending on variety. Spacing: 15 – 20 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Spring. Vaselife: 2 – 5 days. Illustration: Left: Iris.

Liatris spicata: Blazing Star. Type: Perennial. Height: 24 inches. Spacing: 12 – 18 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun. Flowering Season: Summer and fall. Vaselife: 5 – 7 days.

Lilium spp.: Lilies. Type: Perennial bulb, which is planted in the fall, the plant can be purchased in the spring. Height: 2 – 4 feet. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Spring. Vaselife: 1 to 2 weeks. Lily pollen may stain anything it touches, so anthers need to be removed.

Liriope muscari 'Evergreen Giant': Evergreen Giant Lily Turf. Type: Ground cover. Spacing: 18 – 24 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to shade. Flowering Season: Spring and summer, the foliage is used as greenery. Vaselife: 7 days.

Narcissus spp.: Daffodils. Type: Bulb, which is planted in the fall. Height: 6 – 18 inches depending on the variety. Spacing: 6 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Late winter (February) to early spring. Vaselife: 4 – 8 days. Daffodils exude a slimy material that is toxic to other flowers. DO NOT hydrate, store, or arrange daffodils with other flowers.

Phalaenopsis sp.: Moth Orchid. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 6 inches – 6 feet depending on variety. Spacing: 12 – 18 inches apart. Light Requirements: Semi-shade to shade, in Moth Orchidtropical climates the orchids can be grown on tree trunks. Flowering Season: All year. Vaselife: 7 days. Illustration: Right: Moth orchid.

Rosa 'Black Magic': Hybrid Red Rose. Type: Deciduous flowering shrub. Height: 3 – 20 feet depending on variety. Spacing: 4 – 6 feet apart. Black Magic RoseLight Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade, or at least 5 to 6 hours of full sun. Flowering Season: Most varieties will bloom spring, summer, and fall. Vaselife: 6 – 16 days. The hybrid tea rose called Memorial Day is a very good rose that is easy to care for. For more information on the care of roses, go to my blogspot at: http://wwwhibiscusandmore.blogspot.com and click on the title February. Illustration: Left: Black Magic Rose.

Schefflera arboricola: Dwarf Schefflera. Type: Shrub. Height: 8 – 10 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to shade. Flowering Season: N/A the plant is used as greenery. Vaselife: 7 days.

Limonium sp.: Statice. Type: Annual. Height: 2 feet. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Late winter to summer, seeds are usually planted from September to December for late winter to summer blooms. Vaselife: 1 to 2 weeks. The flowers can be harvested and dried upside down.

Matthiola incana: Stock. Type: Annual. Height: 18 – 24 inches. Spacing: 8 – 12 inches apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Fall, winter, and spring. Vaselife: 5 – 8 days. This plant is very fragrant and I have always loved the fragrance.

Strelitzia reginae: Bird of Paradise. Type: Tropical Herbaceous perennial. Height: 3 – 4 feet. Spacing: 3 – 5 feet apart. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi-shade. Flowering Season: Summer, fall, winter. Vaselife: 6 – 14 days. Foliage and flowers can be used in arrangements.Schefflera

Tulipa spp.: Tulips. Type: Annual bulb in southern climates, perennial bulb in northern climates. Height: 8 – 24 inches. Spacing: Is determined by the Tulip variety chosen, and which climate zone you reside. Light Requirements: Full sun to semi – shade. Flowering Season: Spring, it is suggested to stagger your planting of Tulip bulbs every 7 to 14 days to give you continuous color during the spring. Vaselife: 3 – 6 days. For the southern climate areas you need to chill your Tulip bulbs in the refrigerator for 12 weeks in the crisper section before planting, even if the grower has already chilled the bulbs in advance. Illustration: Right: Variegated Schefflera.

Woody Branches that are blooming: Pussy Willow, Bittersweet, Flowering Cherry, Flowering Crab, Forsythia, Redbud, and Spirea. Harvest the branches when the plant starts to show color or the bloom is starting open. Pussy Willow can be harvested after the blooms are fully open.

Woody Branches that are non-blooming: Curly Willow, Red Osier Dogwood, and Yellow Twig Dogwood. The branches can be harvested at any time.

Solar Globes 3-packDon’t forget to decorate your outdoor living area with Sol-Air Garden Globes 3-pak SALE.

Do you have any gardening questions? Ask the Horticulturist.

Father’s Day is June 21 order now to insure on time delivery. Hibiscus Plants 4.5 inch Containers on SALE Buy Now.

Hibiscus and More has new shipping rates on the entire store. For 2 Day shipping contact us.

10% off all orders $50.00 or more. Hurry coupon expires June 30, 2009. Redemption Code: Newsletter at check out.

All photographs and digital images are ©Cheryl Ann Meola 2009. All Rights Reserved. All photographs and digital images displayed in this article are for viewing purposes only and cannot be duplicated. Place your cursor over the picture for the plant name.

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